All grappling arts and combat sports require more than just technique alone.
They require elements that enable the grappler to be truly functional and effective.
If you're dedicated to practicing your grappling art, whether it's BJJ, Judo, or Wrestling, it's important to practice efficiently and effectively to get the most out of your training.
Here is a compiled list of 5 critical factors to be understood and included in your training to get the most out of your grappling skills.
1) How to rely more on technique than on physical strength: Because relying on physical strength will tire us out faster than if we rely on technique to maximize the use of leverage and momentum.
The technical skills involved in grappling are designed around these two principles.
It's important to always keep these two aspects in mind when learning and developing your technique.
2) How to train to develop timing; Without this aspect in your training all the technical skill is worthless.
The best way to develop timing is to train with a resisting opponent.
The two best ways to implement this are through isolation drills, where you isolate a simple move or position like say the mount escape in BJJ and use all the techniques to escape the position with full resistance from your opponent, and through sparring with a fully resisting opponent.
3) How to counter a submission: Familiarizing yourself with all the fine details involved in a submission will also give you clues as to how to best counter those submissions and recognize the critical moments to counter.
It's important to have at least two counters to each submission mastered if you are to be able to counter effectively.
You'll also want to have developed proper technical skill in the positions that will prevent your opponent from mounting an offense and submitting you.
The best time to counter your opponent's offense is by maintaining superior defense.
4) How to escape a Position: Being able to escape positions requires two main factors.
One is being able to execute at least two but preferably three different escapes per position and being able to combine the two or three escapes to set up your opponent and escape.
5) How to change strategies according to your opponent: All opponents you will be fighting against will have different strengths and weaknesses.
Developing the ability to read these strengths and weaknesses will allow you to develop superior strategy when going up against different opponents.
This will help you understand which strategies to use against a faster or slower, stronger or weaker, more technical, more explosive, or more athletic opponent.
Developing these five areas in your training is sure to propel your game to a higher level.