There are few more alarming or threatening organisms found in the home than black mold.
It is insidious, dangerous to the health of humans, and poses a financial risk, especially when found in a home that is getting ready for sale.
Fortunately, with careful preparation black mold removal is a simple task.
Black mold is a type of fungus.
These type of organisms predominately like warm, moist areas, and are spread by the production of spores.
These spores, when carried upon air currents, land in a suitable place and take hold, growing much like microscopic vines.
These vines absorb nutrients from the surface on which they land (essentially dissolving it).
Once the vines, called hyphae, reach maturity, they produce spores and the life cycle begins anew.
The key to successful black mold removal is to create an environment hostile to mold.
This involves drying out the area affected.
Once the area is dry, the area must be isolated so that mold spores disturbed during the removal process are not spread to adjacent rooms.
Isolation is obtained by using plastic sheeting around the area and applying a negative pressure, i.
air is removed from the area and filtered before it passes to non-contaminated areas.
Once proper ventilation is established and the area quarantined, the black mold removal process is started.
This involves lightly spraying the affected areas with water to lessen the chances of dry spores becoming airborne.
Next, the area is cleaned with soap and all visible mold deposits are removed.
Finally, a strong disinfectant is used liberally in the area to lessen the chance of regrowth.
Materials in the contaminated area may be reused if they are hard and non-porous after a good cleaning and disinfecting.
Porous materials must be either cleaned and disinfected.
If the destruction is too severe, the material must be destroyed.
Careful handling of non-salvageable materials is important to avoid regrowth.
Handling involves sealing the material in plastic bags and removing them from the home by the shortest path possible, even if it involves throwing the sealed bag out of a nearby open window.